... communique l'introduction et les titres de chapitres, le tout étant en anglais et q'iil faudrait traduire en créole. Le constat est terrifiant et vous vous demanderez à bon droit pourquoi les USA veulent pousser à faire des élections dans un tel climat et pourquoi les marchands de micro de SCOOP choisissent ce moment pour faire leurs sondages à la con.
Ce qui me vient à l'esprit à la lecture d'un rapport aussi accablant c'est que les USA, façon MERTEN et BLINKEN veulent montrer leur absence de responsabilité dans la situation haïtienne et laisser entendre selon la stratégie de "pwan douvan avan douvain pran w" que si les Haïtiens organisent des élections malgré cette situation catastrophique. Ils sont ceux qui poussent à réaliser des élections, mais ce sont les Haïtiens- soi-disant indépendants, qui décident en leur âme et conscience de se jeter dans le ravine ou autrement dit dans le trou de M... Eux, n'est-ce pas, font leurs devoirs : ils décrivent un pays où des élections fiables ne peuvent se tenir. Ils ne peuvent pas être tenus responsables de l'irresponsabilité des Haïtiens qui veulent les réaliser. Les dirigeants haïtiens étant depuis 1804 des "moun fou", des sans science ni conscience. Nous, les USA, n'y pouvons rien. Une tactique habile pour pousser les dirigeants haïtiens, qu'ils ont eux-mêmes nommés à réaliser des des élections et à se dédouaner de cette décision "tèt an ba". Vous savez... Ces dirigeants Nègres... Il suffit d'agiter une carotte pour qu'ils acceptent le bâton.
Haiti is a constitutional republic with a multiparty political system. The most recent national legislative elections were held in November 2016; international observers considered the elections free and fair. In January 2020 the terms of the majority of parliamentarians expired due to a failure of the country to conduct elections in 2019. Only 10 elected members of 30 remained in the upper house, while the lower house had none. As a result, parliament was unable to reach a quorum and ceased to function. Nearly 400 unelected mayors served at the pleasure of the executive.
Jovenel Moise was elected as president for a five-year term and took office in February 2017. Controversy arose early in the year regarding the length of his mandate and whether it expired in February 2021 or 2022, due to ambiguities in the constitution. Despite opposition from most political actors and civil society, President Moise remained in power until his assassination on July 7. Three days before his death, Moise had named, but not yet sworn in, Ariel Henry to replace Joseph Jouthe as prime minister. On July 20, after a short power struggle, Henry became the prime minister, and on September 11, he signed a political accord with a large number of opposition parties and civil society organizations. Planned 2021 presidential and legislative elections had already suffered logistical difficulties and delays; Moise’s assassination and an ensuing lengthy process to negotiate a political accord resulted in an agreement to delay elections until 2022 or later.
The Haitian National Police, an autonomous civilian institution led by a director general under the authority of the minister of justice, is responsible for maintaining public security. The Haitian National Police includes police, corrections, fire, emergency response, airport security, port security, and coast guard functions. The Ministry of Justice and Public Security, through its minister and the secretary of state for public security, provides oversight to the Haitian National Police. The Superior Council of the National Police, chaired by the prime minister, provides strategic guidance. The Superior Council includes the director general and the chief inspector general of the Haitian National Police, the minister of the interior, and the minister of justice. Civilian authorities at times did not maintain effective control over security forces. There were credible reports that members of the security forces committed abuses.
Significant human rights issues included credible reports of: unlawful and arbitrary killings by gangs allegedly supported by government officials and private-sector actors; torture or cruel and degrading treatment by government agents; harsh and life-threatening prison conditions; arbitrary arrest; serious problems with the independence of the judiciary; violence or threats of violence against journalists; serious government corruption; lack of investigation of and accountability for sexual and gender-based violence; crimes involving violence or threats of violence targeting persons with physical, mental, and developmental disabilities; and forced child labor.
The government rarely took steps to prosecute government and law enforcement officials accused of committing abuses and corruption, and civil society groups alleged widespread impunity regarding these acts.
Gang violence escalated throughout the country, particularly in metropolitan areas, and the gangs allegedly received support from political and economic elites. Kidnappings for ransom by armed gangs increased and affected all sections of society. Armed gangs were also responsible for armed conflicts resulting in approximately 20,000 displaced persons, for capturing up to 10 police stations and substations, and for blocking fuel supplies in October and November, bringing economic life and freedom of movement to a virtual standstill.
Voici maintenant les titres des sections :
Section 1. Respect for the Integrity of the Person
a. Arbitrary Deprivation of Life and Other Unlawful or Politically Motivated Killings
c. Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman, or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
d. Arbitrary Arrest or Detention
e. Denial of Fair Public Trial
f. Arbitrary or Unlawful Interference with Privacy, Family, Home, or Correspondence
Section 2. Respect for Civil Liberties
a. Freedom of Expression, Including for Members of the Press and Other Media
b. Freedoms of Peaceful Assembly and Association
d. Freedom of Movement and the Right to Leave the Country
e. Status and Treatment of Internally Displaced Persons
Section 3. Freedom to Participate in the Political Process
Section 4. Corruption and Lack of Transparency in Government
Section 5. Governmental Posture Towards International and Non governmental Investigation of Alleged Abuses of Human Rights
Section 6. Discrimination and Societal Abuses
Section 7. Worker Rights
a. Freedom of Association and the Right to Collective Bargaining
b. Prohibition of Forced or Compulsory Labor
c. Prohibition of Child Labor and Minimum Age for Employment
d. Discrimination with Respect to Employment and Occupation
e. Acceptable Conditions of Work